Me looking for inspiration in the eyes of the Machiavelli sculpture outside the Uffizi museum in Florence.

If you peruse my curriculum vita, you’ll see that the primary question underlying my scholarly research is, “To what extent does economic interdependence alter the patterns of world politics?” I’ve pursued the answer by studying the dynamics of economic statecraft, globalization, and global governance.

My current research spans a wide array of research questions. Under what conditions will governments establish and enforce global rules to manage disparate domestic regulations? Will the proliferation of global governance structures lead to a rule-based global order? How will the rise of China and India affect world politics?


The System Worked:  How the World Stopped Another Great Depression.  Oxford University Press, 2014.

Theories of International Politics and Zombies. Princeton University Press, 2011.

Avoiding Trivia: The Role of Strategic Planning in American Foreign Policy. Brookings Institution Press, 2009.

All Politics Is Global: Explaining International Regulatory Regimes. Princeton University Press, 2007.

U.S. Trade Strategy: Free Versus Fair. Council on Foreign Relations Press, 2006.

Locating the Proper Authorities: The Interaction of Domestic and International Institutions. University of Michigan Press, 2003.

The Sanctions Paradox: Economic Statecraft and International Relations. Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Book Reviews

The Invention of Market Freedom, by Eric MacGilvray, in Political Theory, 41 (February 2013).

China, the United States, and Global Order, by Rosemary Foot and Andrew Walter, in H-Diplo Roundtable, July 25, 2012.

No One’s World: The West, the Rising Rest, and the Coming Global Turn, by Charles Kupchan, in The National Interest, May/June 2012.

The Next Decade: Where We’ve Been . . . and Where We’re Going, by George Friedman, in Texas Monthly, February 2011.

Sonic Boom:  Globalization at Mach Speed, by Gregg Easterbrook, in the New York Times Book Review, January 17, 2010, p. 16.

Why Iceland?, by Ásgeir Jónsson, in the Wall Street Journal, August 19, 2009.

Power Rules, by Leslie H. Gelb, in The National Interest 100 (March/April 2009):  65-70.

Twice as Good, by Marcus Mabry; Condoleezza Rice, by Elizabeth Bumiller; and The Confidante, by Glenn Kessler, in Foreign Affairs 87 (November/December 2008):  166-167.

Common Wealth, by Jeffrey Sachs, in the Washington Post, July 17, 2008, p. C12.

The J-Curve, by Ian Bremmer, in the Wall Street Journal, September 1, 2006, p. W6.

Bubble Man, by Peter Hartcher, in Washington Post Book World, August 13, 2006, p. BW06. 

Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences, by Alexander George and Andrew Bennett, in QualMeth 4 (Spring 2006):  34-37.

The White Man’s Burden, by William Easterly, in the Wall Street Journal, March 16, 2006, p. D8

Off Center, by Jacob Hacker and Paul Pierson, in The Forum 3 (Winter 2005), article 9

The UN Gang, by Pedro Sanjuan, in the Wall Street Journal, September 13, 2005, p. D8

The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities For Our Time, by Jeffrey Sachs, in the New York Times Book Review, April 24, 2005, p. 18.

The World’s Banker, by Sebastian Mallaby, in the New York Times Book Review, December 5, 2004, p. 77

Colossus:  The Price of America’s Empire, by Niall Ferguson, in the Wall Street Journal, June 17, 2004, p. D7

In Defense of Globalization, by Jagdish Bhagwati, in the New York Times Book Review, April 18, 2004, p. 18

Smart Sanctions: Targeting Economic Statecraft, edited by David Cortright and George A. Lopez, in International Studies Review 5 (Spring 2003): 107-111.

Journal Articles

The System Worked: Global Economic Governance during the Great Recession.”  World Politics 66 (January 2014):  123-164.

Military Primacy Doesn’t Pay (Nearly As Much As You Think).”  International Security 38 (Summer 2013):  52-79.

International Political Economy, Global Financial Orders and the 2008 Financial Crisis.”  Perspectives on Politics 11 (March 2013):  155-166 (co-authored with Kathleen McNamara).

Sanctions Sometimes Smart: Targeted Sanctions in Theory and Practice.International Studies Review 13 (February 2011): 96-108.

Is Historical Institutionalism Bunk?”  Review of International Political Economy 17 (October 2010):  791-804.

Will Currency Follow the Flag?International Relations of the Asia-Pacific 10 (September 2010):  389-414.

International Relations 2.0:  The Implications of New Media for an Old Profession.” International Studies Perspectives 11 (August 2010):  255-272 (co-authored with Charli Carpenter).

Bad Debts:  Assessing China’s Financial Influence in Great Power Politics.”  International Security 34 (Fall 2009):  7-45.

The Power and Peril of International Regime Complexity.”  Perspectives on Politics 7 (March 2009):  65-70.

The Realist Tradition in American Public Opinion.” Perspectives on Politics 6 (March 2008): 51-70.

International Economic Order.” Entry for International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 2nd edition (New York: MacMillan, 2008).

The Power and Politics of Blogs.” (co-authored with Henry Farrell). Public Choice 134 (January 2008): 15-30.

Blogs, Politics, and Power: A Special Issue of Public Choice.” (co-authored with Henry Farrell). Public Choice 134 (January 2008): 1-13.

Globalization, Coercion, and Competition: The Competing Pathways to Policy Convergence.” Journal of European Public Policy 12 (October 2005): 841-859.

The Global Governance of the Internet: Bringing the State Back In.” Political Science Quarterly 119 (Fall 2004): 477-498.

The Hidden Hand of Economic Coercion.” International Organization 57 (Summer 2003): 643-659.

“Outside the Box: Explaining Sanctions in Pursuit of Foreign Economic Goals.” International Interactions 26 (Summer 2001): 379-410.

Globalization and Policy Convergence.” International Studies Review 3 (Spring 2001): 53-78.

State Structure, Technological Leadership, and the Maintenance of Hegemony .”Review of International Studies 27 (January 2001): 3-27.

Ideas, Bureaucratic Politics, and the Crafting of Foreign Policy.” American Journal of Political Science 44 (October 2000): 733-749.

Bargaining, Enforcement, and Multilateral Economic Sanctions: When is Cooperation Counterproductive?International Organization 54 (Winter 2000): 73-102.

“The Trouble with Carrots: Transaction Costs, Conflict Expectations, and Economic Inducements.” Security Studies 9 (Autumn 1999/Winter 2000): 188-218.

Conflict Expectations and the Paradox of Economic Coercion.” International Studies Quarterly 42 (December 1998): 709-731.

So You Want to Get a Tenure-Track Job…PS: Political Science and Politics 31 (September 1998): 609-614.

“Allies, Adversaries, and Economic Coercion: Russian Foreign Economic Policy since 1991.” Security Studies 6 (Spring 1997): 65-111.

Occasional Essays

Five Myth about Sanctions,” Washington Post, May 4, 2014.

Putin’s Excuse for a Referendum is Wrong.” The Guardian, March 17, 2014.

What Nick Kristof Doesn’t Get About the Ivory Tower.” Politico, February 21, 2014.

The Purest Political Economist of Them All:  Albert Hirschman’s Legacy.”  The Political Economist 10 (Summer 2013):  6-8

America’s Fast Food for Thought,” The World Today, June/July 2013, pp. 28-30.

While Britain Stagnates, America is Roaring Back.”  The Spectator, June 29, 2013.

The Lessons of Zombie-Mania,” Wall Street Journal, April 6, 2013.

Why Presidents Love Foreign Affairs,” New York Times, September 21, 2012.

Republicans vs. The World,” The Spectator, November 6, 2011.

The Loudest F One Can Earn,” Chronicle of Higher Education, July 3, 2011.

How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Zombies,” Chronicle of Higher Education, February 13, 2011.

China Isn’t Beating the U.S.”  Foreign Policy, January/February 2011.

Why Wikileaks is Bad for Scholars,” Chronicle of Higher Education, December 5, 2010.

A World of Ignorance,” The Spectator, October 23, 2010.

Off Target,” The New Republic, May 27, 2010.

The Paranoid Style in World Politics,” The Spectator, May 5, 2010.

Uncle Sam vs. the Dragon,” The Spectator, February 17, 2010.

Public Intellectuals 2.0.”  Chronicle of Higher Education, November 14, 2008.

Methodological Confusion.”  Chronicle of Higher Education, February 22, 2008.

The Trouble With Blogs.”  Chronicle of Higher Education, July 28, 2006.

The Soccer Wars,” Washington Post, June 4, 2006.

So, You Want to Buy a Strategic American Company….Slate, February 28, 2006.

Confessions of a Scholar-Blogger,” University of Chicago Magazine, March 2005.

Where Did All the Jobs Go?  Nowhere.”  New York Times, September 29, 2004.

Bush the Bumbler.”  Slate, December 17, 2003.

Policy Papers

Rebooting Republican Foreign Policy.Foreign Affairs 92 (January/February 2013): 143-152.

The Power of Economics and Public Opinion.Policy Review 172 (April/May 2012): 17-26.

Does Obama Have a Grand Strategy?Foreign Affairs 90 (July/August 2011): 57-68.

First Bank of the Living Dead.”  The National Interest 109 (September/October 2010):  62-71.

Weighing the Scales:  the Internet’s Effect on State-Society Relations.”  Brown Journal of World Affairs 16 (Spring/Summer 2010):  31-44.

The Challenging Future of Strategic Planning.”  Fletcher Forum on World Affairs 33 (Winter 2009):  13-26.

Sovereign Wealth Funds and the (In)Security of Global Finance,” Journal of International Affairs 62 (Fall/Winter 2008):  115-130.

So You Want to Blog….In APSA Guide To Publications (Washington: American Political Science Association, 2008).

The Future of U.S. Foreign Policy.” Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft 15 (January 2008): 11-35.

Foreign Policy Goes Glam.” The National Interest 92 (November/December 2007): 22-29.

The New New World Order.” Foreign Affairs 86 (March/April 2007): 34-46.

Mind the Gap.” The National Interest 87 (January/February 2007): 47-53.

The Grandest Strategy of them All,” Washington Post, December 17, 2006.

Trade Talk.” The American Interest 1 (Winter 2005): 68-76.

Values, Interests, and American Grand Strategy.” Diplomatic History 29 (June 2005): 429-432.

Web of Influence.Foreign Policy 145 (November/December 2004): 32-40.

The Outsourcing Bogeyman.” Foreign Affairs 83 (May/June 2004) 22-34.

Sovereignty for Sale.” Foreign Policy 125 (September/October 2001): 76-77.

Bottom Feeders.” Foreign Policy 121 (November/December 2000): 64-70.

Serious About Sanctions.The National Interest 53 (Fall 1998): 66-74.

Globalizers of the World, Unite!The Washington Quarterly 21 (Winter 1998): 209-225.

Working Papers

The Irony of Global Economic Governance: The System Worked,” Council on Foreign Relations working paper, Ocober 2012.

An Analytically Eclectic Approach to Sanctions and Nonproliferation,” October 2010. 

The Tragedy of the Global Institutional Commons,” September 2010.

Defending the Realist Interest:  Policy Advocacy and Policy Planning in an Anarchic World,” November 2009. 

Macro First:  Policy Coordination After the Great Recession,” August 2009. 

The Limits of Transformation in World Politics,” January 2003.

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